What a sad, sad day when you realize your plant is affected with stem or root rot. Whether growing in soil or hydroponics your plants are at risk for problem causing fungi!!!!😡
The definition of stem rot is "A symptom or phase of many diseases of plants characterized by decay of the stem tissue" and in most cases is caused by these soil inhabiting fungi.
Stem rot can happen whether your plants are in the vegetative growth state or the flower stage. It is possible to survive up to 5 years in soil. It can be spread by unfiltered water, and unsterilized tools. Symptoms of stem rot may include wilting, dieback, and poor vigor. Some causes may include poorly drained soil, crowding, mechanical injury, over watering or improper nutrient balance.
Plants showing signs of stem rot will have spots near the stem or on the roots near the soil level. These spots will vary in color and sizes. Spots on the stem or root may be gray, brown, black, or even bright red!
To avoid and/or treat root or stem rot be sure not to over water your plants. Try to keep base of the stem in dry conditions. Do not fertilize during hot, dry conditions. Mulch and aerate the soil. There are also multiple fungicides available. With a little research it easy to find what you need for your certain growing conditions.
We need food, water, and air, to survive. The purity, amount, and quality, help determine how healthy our bodies will be. Plants, in the same way, have certain needs to survive.
LIGHT The Intensity of the light or brightness.
The quality of light or wavelength of the spectrum.
The duration of light or amount of exposure,
are all determining factors on how well your plant will grow.
HID (High Intensity Discharge) Lamps include;
High Pressure Sodium
These are great for indoor gardening although they need to be ventilated as they put off a lot of heat.
The HID lamps also use more electricity than fluorescent, and LED grow lights. Compare lights here. Light Reflector Kits
WATER Required for photosynthesis.
Helps to cool the plant through evaporation.
Keeps the plant turgid or rigid.
The plant gets it's carbon dioxide to aid in photosynthesis,
and oxygen for respiration from the air.
The roots of the plant may experience problems if they aren't irrigated properly, and receive
adequate Oxygen, especially in DWC (Deep Water Culture)
Note the affected Brown roots on the left verses the light colored, firm, smooth roots on the right.
If using the DWC method for growing indoors it is very important not to leave your plant roots in stagnant or warmer temperature water. Many growers use air stones or bubble buckets to enrich the water with Oxygen. Check out these awesome Root Spa buckets. Root Spa
Plants need nutrients to produce their own food through the
process of photosynthesis. There are Macro, and Micro nutrients.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulfur.
Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese, Molybdenum, Boron.
Growing in soil provides most of the nutrients your plant needs, especially for the first part of the growing stage. Other micro nutrients are provided through using tap water, but when using DWC, or other Hydroponic Systems, using pre mixed nutrient packages makes providing your plants with all they need easy and affordable. Here's a basic 2 part package. Feeding Package
This time of year is the perfect time to get ready for your next grow! Whether you are into indoor hydroponic gardening, or more the outdoor type of gardener, now is the time to get your little plants and seedlings a head start on the grow season.
The Outdoor gardener can take advantage of germinating seeds, and growing healthy well developed young plants indoors, to transplant outdoors after the last Spring freeze. Complete Rooting/Cloning kits provide what you need to help guarantee success! Complete Root/Clone Kit
The Indoor gardener has the advantage of growing basically all Year long, but often needs to Clone a favorite strain or to create a SOG.(Sea Of Green) This Complete Rooting/Cloning kit has Cloning gel, disposable scalpels, heat mat, and much more to make Cloning a breeze! Complete Root/Clone Kit
Well it's officially Autumn! "So why is it so freaking hot!" Really though it's usually in the 70's around here all year long ,but we've been hitting the Nineties. One thing to remember on hot day's like these is if you're hot your plants are also hot!
Make sure your grow room has fresh air coming in ,and a good filter and fan combo. Fan and Filter Combo
Grow Tents without proper ventilation can become extremely hot and have terrible consequences on your plants.
Bringing in fresh air ,having fans inside grow tents, and using the proper size fan and filter combo kit can keep your indoor garden cool and comfortable even when it's hotter than usual outside!
Plants absorb different nutrients much better at certain pH levels.What is pH anyway? When the purity of water is altered it can become "acidic" or more "basic". Water that is considered neutral has a pH of 7 on the pH scale of 0-14. If the water is "acidic" (on the low end of the scale) the water has more hydrogen ions than hydroxyl ions.If the water is "basic" (on the high end of the scale) the water contains more hydroxyl ions than hydrogen ions.
As you can see on the chart most nutrients are absorbed between 5.5-6.5. So we want to make sure our pH levels are within these parameters. If growing in soil pH should be a little higher.
So lets do this!!!
get a sample of nutrient solution. Half full at least.
Now place 3-5 drops of pH test solution in sample. If it turns "reddish" in color it is too "acidic",and if it turns more "blueish" in color than it is too "basic". In this case our sample is on the low end being too "reddish"! So we will add some pH up to our nutrient solution 1-2 mg per gallon at first.Then more if needed.
After rechecking our solution again it appears to be more of a "yellowish" color which means it is around 6.0 on the pH scale!
This is where we want to be. Remember when you add more water to your solution in the near future make sure the pH is adjusted before using. Keep in mind any nutrients or additives may change your solutions pH . Of course if our pH was too high we would have used pH down too lower it .link
This is a Blog Post I was hoping I would never have to write about! After all the precautions taken ,we've been invaded by Spider Mites .Some call this terrible force of nature "The BORG". Which I believe is fitting! These nasty little critters are so small you can hardly see them with the naked eye! Once you see the first sign of infestation in your indoor garden it's time to act fast!!!!
Indoor hydroponic gardening is usually easier to control or prevent infestations, but it does happen to the best of us! Once you see one of these guys or there webbing you can bet you got trouble!
After you realize you have visitors it's time to show them the door!!!!!
If you have webbing on your plants you know the situation is bad ,and will take several treatments to rid this "EVIL"!!!!!First off we will kill off every single mite we can see with one of several different products.
There are approx. 1,200 different kinds of mites . Natures mite control is done by lady bugs,but if we don't have an army of lady bugs we'll have to use other methods.
Mighty wash can be found mostly anywhere hydroponic supplies are sold. Be sure to use this product right before lights out to help protect from leaf burn!
SM-90 works very well ,and smells great. Mix 5-1 with water
and be sure when using these products that you apply on and under all your leafs. Repeat every 5-7 days to assure all mites are destroyed ,and none are hatching from eggs. When your convinced their gone treat again! Wash your grow room area with a bleach solution then repeat a week later.SM-90 added to your solution is good for your roots ,and good mite prevention. Don't forget to leave outdoor plants outdoors ,and keep your grow room clean!!!!
Well now that we have happy plants its time to make sure we keep them happy,and healthy! Some people change there solution in their hydroponic systems weekly. I've known growers that never changed or cleaned their systems during an entire grow, and still had moderate luck! When we grow herbs,vegetables,fruits or medication for ourselves I suggest that we would want to keep our hydroponic systems as clean as possible , and in great working condition! The great thing about indoor hydroponic gardening is you control the entire environment! A clean environment is a happy one!
We will start with the flood table first.A good washing with mild dish soap, and sanitize with bleach then rinse it well! Next we will remove the reservoir, and place it on a little dolly for easy handling .
The same washing and sanitizing methods that we used on the flood table are applied to the reservoir, and pump system.
After cleaning and sanitizing are complete we will begin to put it all back together.Are we having fun yet?!
Let everything air dry then refill your hydroponic systems reservoir with the proper mixture of "nutes" that you prefer to nourish your garden with, and be sure to check the pH level of the water you are using, and adjust it accordingly!
Then we put the pump system back in place, cover the reservoir, plug it back into the timer, and our automated hydroponic systems back "online".
That wasn't so bad now was it? We still have plenty of time to get started on our "to do" list!
Remember to keep it clean, and it will keep you healthy! "Take care of your stuff and your stuff will take care of you!"