What a sad, sad day when you realize your plant is affected with stem or root rot. Whether growing in soil or hydroponics your plants are at risk for problem causing fungi!!!!😡
The definition of stem rot is "A symptom or phase of many diseases of plants characterized by decay of the stem tissue" and in most cases is caused by these soil inhabiting fungi.
Stem rot can happen whether your plants are in the vegetative growth state or the flower stage. It is possible to survive up to 5 years in soil. It can be spread by unfiltered water, and unsterilized tools. Symptoms of stem rot may include wilting, dieback, and poor vigor. Some causes may include poorly drained soil, crowding, mechanical injury, over watering or improper nutrient balance.
Plants showing signs of stem rot will have spots near the stem or on the roots near the soil level. These spots will vary in color and sizes. Spots on the stem or root may be gray, brown, black, or even bright red!
To avoid and/or treat root or stem rot be sure not to over water your plants. Try to keep base of the stem in dry conditions. Do not fertilize during hot, dry conditions. Mulch and aerate the soil. There are also multiple fungicides available. With a little research it easy to find what you need for your certain growing conditions.
We need food, water, and air, to survive. The purity, amount, and quality, help determine how healthy our bodies will be. Plants, in the same way, have certain needs to survive.
LIGHT The Intensity of the light or brightness.
The quality of light or wavelength of the spectrum.
The duration of light or amount of exposure,
are all determining factors on how well your plant will grow.
HID (High Intensity Discharge) Lamps include;
High Pressure Sodium
These are great for indoor gardening although they need to be ventilated as they put off a lot of heat.
The HID lamps also use more electricity than fluorescent, and LED grow lights. Compare lights here. Light Reflector Kits
WATER Required for photosynthesis.
Helps to cool the plant through evaporation.
Keeps the plant turgid or rigid.
The plant gets it's carbon dioxide to aid in photosynthesis,
and oxygen for respiration from the air.
The roots of the plant may experience problems if they aren't irrigated properly, and receive
adequate Oxygen, especially in DWC (Deep Water Culture)
Note the affected Brown roots on the left verses the light colored, firm, smooth roots on the right.
If using the DWC method for growing indoors it is very important not to leave your plant roots in stagnant or warmer temperature water. Many growers use air stones or bubble buckets to enrich the water with Oxygen. Check out these awesome Root Spa buckets. Root Spa
Plants need nutrients to produce their own food through the
process of photosynthesis. There are Macro, and Micro nutrients.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulfur.
Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese, Molybdenum, Boron.
Growing in soil provides most of the nutrients your plant needs, especially for the first part of the growing stage. Other micro nutrients are provided through using tap water, but when using DWC, or other Hydroponic Systems, using pre mixed nutrient packages makes providing your plants with all they need easy and affordable. Here's a basic 2 part package. Feeding Package
This time of year is the perfect time to get ready for your next grow! Whether you are into indoor hydroponic gardening, or more the outdoor type of gardener, now is the time to get your little plants and seedlings a head start on the grow season.
The Outdoor gardener can take advantage of germinating seeds, and growing healthy well developed young plants indoors, to transplant outdoors after the last Spring freeze. Complete Rooting/Cloning kits provide what you need to help guarantee success! Complete Root/Clone Kit
The Indoor gardener has the advantage of growing basically all Year long, but often needs to Clone a favorite strain or to create a SOG.(Sea Of Green) This Complete Rooting/Cloning kit has Cloning gel, disposable scalpels, heat mat, and much more to make Cloning a breeze! Complete Root/Clone Kit